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How International shipping works

Before the modern international shipping system came into existence, people were still shipping goods across the oceans and from one piece of land to another. The Greeks, Egyptians, Romans, Spanish sailed across the ocean to ship the goods across the ocean.

But this was not an easy task for them because the loading and unloading process involved lot of extensive hard labor and took lot of time. The ships had to spend more time at the port than at the sea since the workers had to manhandle the cargo in and out of small spaces.

But with time, the shipping system evolved and has come a long way. Now we have designated shipping lines, freight forwarder and major players involved in the international shipping in order to ease the process of shipping.

The 3 major courier companies are FedEx, DHL and UPS and each is as impressive as the last.

FedEx has the world’s largest cargo air fleet which consists of more than 650 aircraft. This is more number of planes than GoIndigo, Spicejet, Air India and Jet Airways combined.

DHL delivers to every country in the world including the most secluded country-North Korea.

And UPS flies to more than double as many destinations as the largest passenger airline while delivering more than 15.8 million packages a day.

Now isn’t that impressive?

Anyway, so let’s imagine a scenario where you want to send a courier from Bangalore to the USA. How is it possible?

So the process of moving the goods between different locations is called Freight Shipping.

Before sending courier to USA from Bangalore, one must consider the cost of the shipping, weight of the goods and urgency of the services before selecting the mode of shipping.

There are 4 different types of Shipping Services that the customer can choose from.

4 Different Types of International Shipping Services

types of shipping services

1. Ocean Freight Service:

More than 90% of the world’s trade is done through ocean freight with more than 1.8 billion tons of good transported every year. While transporting bulky cargo sea freight is considered as economical option than air or road freight. People Usually use ocean freight for bulk cargo such as coal, crude oil, petroleum or agri-products or any other types of heavy machinery. The only major disadvantage of using ocean freight is the delivery time which can take long.

Benefits of using ocean freight transport:

  • Extensive coverage all across the world.

  • Can carry large volume of cargo.

  • Most environmental friendly among all the services.

2. Air Freight Service:

The air freight service is expected to grow at an average rate of 5% per year. Air freight is mostly utilized by automotive and retail industry for quick delivery of cargo. Perishable goods like food items or flowers and vegetables take advantage of air freight because of short transit time.

Benefits of using air freight transport:

  • Faster transit time.

  • Minimal documentation process.

  • Extra security for the cargo.

3. Rail Freight Service:

Rail freight service makes use of railroad and trains to transport the cargo. Even though rail freight is another economical transportation method, it incurs some additional cost during the rail journey like road delivery after the delivery of cargo.

Benefits of using rail freight transport:

  • Reliable transit time.

  • Fast and cost effective delivery over longer distance.

  • Traffic can be avoided

4. Road freight Service:

Road freight is the most common form of transportation for transporting small or medium sized goods. The advantage of road freight service is that it provides seamless movement of goods across cities and countries. But the disadvantage of using road freight transport is that, it’s not suitable for bulk sized goods or long distance transportation.

Benefits of using road freight transport:

  • Flexible service.

  • Door to door service.

  • Quick delivery over local and short haul deliveries.

Players Involved in International Shipping

So let us now understand how international shipping works and the players involved in process:

  1. Importer: The buyer is called as importer. It is the buyer who identifies the goods and places an order for purchase.

  2. Exporter: The seller is called as exporter. The exporter manufactures the good needed by buyer.

  3. Freight Forwarders: Also called as forwarding agent, is a person or a company responsible for organizing the shipment for the company to get goods from manufacturer.

  4. Custom House Agent (CHA): CHA is an agent responsible for transaction of business relating to entry or departure of conveyance at custom station.

  5. Shipping Company: The Company that carries the goods from source location to destination.

  6. Custom: Custom authorities are responsible for providing clearance for the goods to leave the source country and arrive at the destination country.

  7. Transport Providers: The most important part of any shipping process are the transport providers. They facilitate the movement of goods from warehouse and take care of loading and unloading process.

How International Shipping Works

How International Shiiping Works - Step by Step Explanation

While shipping the goods, there are 7 major steps which takes place before the shipment reaches the consignee. The 7 steps are Export Haulage, Origin Handling, Export Custom clearance, Ocean Freight, Import Custom Clearance, Destination handling and Import Haulage.

Export Haulage

It’s the first step of transportation where the cargo will be picked up from shipper. The pickup is usually done through truck or train(rail) and it could take somewhere from few hours to few days to reach the warehouse. Few shipping companies offer free door pickup services also.

export-haulage Origin-handling

Origin Handling

Origin handling covers the handling of cargo from receiving it at the warehouse to loading it to the ship/flight. There are many parties are involved in this process but is the responsibility of freight forwarder to coordinate these activities to ensure smooth process till it is loaded on to the ship.

Export Custom clearance

Export Custom clearance is the list of procedures that must be followed before exporting the goods. Usually the freight forwarder or the custom house broker appointed by the shipper will complete this procedure. And export custom clearance must be done before the cargo can leave the country.

Export-Custom-clearance ocean-freight

Air/Ocean Freight

The shipment will be loaded to ship/airplane according to the cosigner selected shipping service. This will help in transporting the shipment from the origin country to destination country in less time. The freight forwarder usually have contracts with the carriage for the container. The ocean/air freight charges are payable by the shipper.

Import Custom Clearance

Submitting the clearance declaration along with documents to authorities is know as Import Custom clearance. One must complete the import custom clearance before the cargo leaves destination warehouse for delivery. Import Customs vary from country to country.

Import-Custom-clearance Destination-Handling

Destination handling

Destination Handling covers all the cargo handling activities done in the destination warehouse. It also includes unloading of the cargo and preparing the cargo for the consignee to collect. In This process the Staff of destination port will take of the cargo.

Import haulage

Import haulage is the last step of international shipping. In this stage the delivery executive will deliver the cargo to the given address. Usually the shipper or the receiver will arrange a local transportation company to complete this step.

Import-haulage

Ever wondered how your packages are delivered overnight? Check out this amazing video made by Wendover Productions to find out how overnight shipping works:

International shipping with Vega Express

Vega Express being the leading international courier service company in Bangalore has the largest logistics network for import and export offering wide options for shipping. Contact us today.

August 26, 2022

We had good and efficient service from VEGA express. The consignment we entrusted to them for sending to USA was delivered with in time schedule and intact with out any damage . We are satisfied with this service. Thanks

January 12, 2023

Avoid all your courier havoc and trust this courier service provider. Check it out for new and exciting offers… DTDC AUSTRALIA – One of the most successful and trustworthy names in courier service because of its reliability on specific grounds such as https://www.dtdcaustralia.com.au/ On-time delivery, Precise estimation of duration of delivery, Online 24/7 support – On-site and On-call, Quick Quotation and Online courier tracking.

January 31, 2023

DTDC is an innovative courier service with a rich history in the area of imports and exports, Operating in over 10 000 locations, DTDC has pushed the boundaries of logistics to the max. We make sure that we always get your goods to the required destination at extremely competitive prices. DTDC has been a client favourite since 1990 and has since grown into a fierce competitor in the logistics world. With our exceptionally talented team, advanced systems and immersive tracking options, we set the standard for AAA international and domestic courier services.

March 23, 2023

The Australian standard pallet is designed for use with the RACE container of Australian railways. Originally the pallet was specified at 46 × 46 inches (from a nominal size of 48 × 48 inches, or 4 ft × 4 ft), but this has been metricated to the marginally smaller 1165 × 1165 mm dimensions.
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March 23, 2023

Two pallets will fit closely side by side in a RACE container. They can be stacked on two levels and one container can thus hold 20 pallets. A standard railway wagon carries three containers and can thus hold 60 pallets.
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March 23, 2023

Two-thirds of palletized transport within Australia uses the 1165 × 1165 standard pallet. For external use, where goods are to be shipped in ISO containers, an 1100 × 1100 mm pallet is used. This is a pallet size widely used by Japan and Korea, but is also specified in the Australian standard for pallets. In recent years pallet transport has gain widespread increase in interstate transport of goods.
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March 23, 2023

The interstate courier service in Australia is a huge market as it has a large flow of goods and products to be transported across the vast area of the continent. One can easily courier goods across Australia without any problem, but what and which type of courier service provider to choose is a question to be asked.
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March 23, 2023

There are so many important aspects that might need looking into to save yourself money and hesitation. Let us discuss some of them in detail.

There are four major types of Interstate Courier Transport offered in regular, you can choose one based on your requirement:
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March 23, 2023

One must choose carefully from the above listed mode based on the time duration. It will save you from client humility and irregular order rush if you own a small business. Also do not forget to ask for a better deal if you have a bulk order, you will surely get one.
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March 23, 2023

In this, you must check that the service provider is either having direct transport to your desired location or it using attributed services. Because it may affect the time period of delivery and even the experience.
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March 29, 2023

The major output of a good courier is the affordability of the courier service regardless of its reputation. One such Courier service provider that offers fast, quick and cheap courier service across Australia and from across the globe to Australia is DTDC AUSTRALIA – One of the most successful and trustworthy name when it comes to courier service because of its reliability on specific grounds such as:
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March 29, 2023

Customers are usually provided with a tracking code at the end of their transaction or booking a courier or package. This code is handled by algorithms of the courier service provider’s web handle and it reflects a search query when entered by a customer. This code translates the code to which the courier item or package is scanned with or processed with. Each courier item, product, good, and package are given a unique tracking code so that the tracking query is not affected and the code is never repeated for a lifetime. It is a single-time generated code that is universal for a particular courier company.
DTDC Australia Courier Company

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